Bau-Biologie (Building biology) in translation “Building Biology or construction for Life” is a science that studies the relationship between our bodies and the surrounding built environment and the application of this knowledge in the design and construction of new buildings, Renovation and repairs.
It is a strand that integrates design methods and technologies to provide the information needed to create healthy homes and workplaces. It explores the overall interconnectedness of life and looks at ways to solve problems dictated by the modern way of construction and construction of settlements.
Bau-Biologie® emerging after the Second World War in Germany and the construction boom afterwards. Since it is being built quickly and poorly, scientists are observing a disturbing regularity of a sharp deterioration in the health of the occupants of these new buildings. Young children and elderly people are particularly affected. Today the principles of Building Biology are becoming more and more relevant due to the constant innovations that bring in our homes more and more sources of harmful emissions – mobile phones, Wi fi modems, PVC flooring, formaldehyde resin furniture, etc. our own Homes are the threat of the increasing diseases of the new millennium – asthma, allergies, migraines, cancer, infertility, hyperactivity in children and many others.
Research makes a connection between the state of people and industrialisation and chemicals used in construction and in households, as well as the poor functioning of a building-moisture retention, creation of poor quality air, poor drinking water, harmful Electromagnetic radiation, etc.
Enter the term “sick building syndrome” and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS)
The IBN Institut fuer Baubiologie (Building Biology) & Oekologie, Germany formulated some of the following biological, environmental, psychological principles:
- Use of natural (local) and harmless to health and environmental materials.
- Storage and reduced use of energy and use of renewable energy sources where possible.
- Providing a good microclimate in the premises.
- Passive regulation of air humidity.
- Balance between heat insulation and heat retention of the building.
- Optimizing the air temperature and surfaces in the room, “the feeling of comfort”.
- Achieve good air quality.
- Providing natural light and colors.
- Research and limiting the impact of electromagnetic fields and broadcasts.
- Ensuring the best possible quality of drinking water.
- Harmonious dimensions, proportions and shapes.
The home and environment that we inhabit reflect on our health mainly in two ways:
Depending on how and from what a building is built: its physical structure and functional interconnection to create and maintain a healthy environment.
According to the way of habitation: the different mechanisms and habits of habitation that strongly influence the environment and determine its quality.